LGBT Latino Timeline

prepared by Letitia Gomez

Latina/o LGBT History Brief Timeline: 1955-2013

Es hora de rescatar la historia para construir el futuro. Ha llegado el momento que las lesbianas y homosexuales latinos ocupen su lugar en la mesa. Sin duda se lo han ganado. --Gonzalo Aburto, June 1994

1955 – Tony Segura, Cuban American, is a founder and leader of the Mattachine Society in New York

1955 - Daughters of Bilitis is founded in San Francisco by Del Lyon and Phyllis Martin along with three other lesbian
couples that included a Filipina and a Chicana.

1961 - Jose Sarria, is a candidate for San Francisco Board of Supervisors. He was endorsed by the League for Civil
Education. He did not win but got 5600 votes.

1965 –The Imperial Court System in the United States is founded by Jose Sarria. The ICS is a network of charitable
organizations that uses drag events to raise funds for gay, lesbian, and other groups.

1970 - Silvia Rivera, of Puerto Rican and Venezuelan descent co-founded Street Transvestites for Gay Power (later Street
Transvestites Action Revolutionaries (STAR) with Marsha Johnson, African American.

Early 1970s - Gay Liberated Chicanos of Los Angeles

1972 – COHLA, Comite Homosexual Latinoamericano founded in New York attempted to march in the city's annual
Puerto Rican Day Parade in 1979. They were denied participation, but succeeded in bringing attention to gay lives and
politics in the Puerto Rican and broader Latino community. Published a 63-page pamphlet in Spanish, AFUERA ,
highlighting the political dimension of coming out, Third World liberation, Marxist thought, and patriarchy.

1973-1981 –Alianza de Mujeres, Comunidad de Orgullo Gay, Mujer Integrada de Puerto Rico, Comite Latino de Lesbianas
y Homosexuales in Massachusetts; Latinos por Derechos Humanos, Florida; Gay Alliance of Latin Americans, Gay Latino
Alliance, Latina Lesbian Alliance, Latin American Lesbians and Lesbianas Latina Americanas in California.

1975 - Gay and lesbian Chicanos and Latinos founded the Gay Latino Alliance (GALA) in the San Francisco Bay Area and
San José regions. GALA combined political activism and socializing as it attempted to challenge the assumptions of gay
and lesbian whites about Latinos and of Latina/o heterosexuals about lesbians and gay men in the city.

Late 1970s – Jeanne Cordova, becomes President of Los Angeles Chapter of Daughters of Bilitis. She later creates the
successful Community Yellow Pages.

1979 – Gay and lesbian Latinos announce their presence nationally at the historic 1979 March on Washington. Coalitions
from Texas, California, and the East Coast--together with representatives from Latin America--convened days before the
March at Howard University to participate in the Third World Gay Conference.

1981 – Gay Chicano Caucus founded in Houston; Gay Latinos Unidos (later renamed Gay and Lesbian Latinos Unidos)
founded in Los Angeles

1983 – Lesbianas Unidas forms as a subcommittee of GLU in Los Angeles

1984 - Denver was home to Ambiente Latino and Las Mujeres Alegres.

1985 - Austin's ALLGO (Austin Latino/Latina Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual & Transgender Organization) is founded to work
toward social change through progressive community organizing, promoting queer Latina and Latino culture, and
encouraging artistic expression. Today, it is the longest running queer Latino organization in the U.S.

1986 – Las Buenas Amigas is founded in New York City and at the International Lesbian and Gay People of Color
Conference in Los Angeles, the Latina/o caucus discusses the need to network on a national level in order to better
address the needs of local organizing efforts throughout the U.S. and Puerto Rico

1987 - Mexico, Latin American and Caribbean lesbian feminists come together for their "Encuentros de Lesbianas
Feministas de Latinoamérica y el Caribe" . These encuentros facilitated transnational dialogue and organizing to address
the needs and challenges of lesbians throughout Latin America and the Caribbean.

1987 – Primer Encuentro, March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights, Washington, D.C. Over 70 lesbian and gay
Latina/o activists representing 13 states and 33 cities meet and decide to create a national network, National Latino/a
Lesbian and Gay Activists (NLLGA).

1988 – NLLGA activists meet in Los Angeles and change their name to LLEGÓ, The National Latino/a Lesbian and Gay
Organization to be based in Washington, D.C. LLEGÓ later modified its name to National Latina/o Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual
and Transgender Organization. It held regular international encuentros from the 1990s through 2004 during which time
LLEGÓ was largely funded by multi-year grants for HIV/AIDs prevention from the federal Center for Disease Control.

1988-1992 - San Francisco's Mujerío, organized transnationally with glbtq activists in Puerto Rico, Nicaragua, Venezuela,
and elsewhere in Latin America.

1991 – Entre Hermanos comes into being in Seattle to address the need for social, educational, and health support
services in their community

1993 – LLANY, Latinas and Latinos de Ambiente is founded in New York City, focuses on the social and cultural needs of
glbtq Latina/o Americans in the city and the tri-state area.

1994 – June 24-28, 25th Anniversary of the Stonewall Riots in New York City. LLEGO organizes a LGBT Latino/a
contingent. Anniversary program lists 60 Latina/o LGBT organizations in the U.S. and Puerto Rico in existence at that
time.

1995 - Chicago, 10 Latinas form a support group, Amigas Latinas, for lesbian, bisexual, and questioning women that still
exists today. Also in Chicago, for over a decade ALMA (the Association of Latino Men for Action) provided educational
support and social services to queer Latinos.

2000 - Jose Gutierrez founded the Latino GLBT History Project in Washington, D.C.

2004 – LLEGO closes when financial and administrative difficulties cannot be overcome.

In 2004 –  a group of over 80 people came together in Seattle (during what was scheduled to be LLEGÓ's Encuentro) to strategize about next steps following the closing of LLEGÓ, which led to the founding of Unid@s .

2007 – Unid@s, National Latino/a Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Human Rights Organization meets in Washington, D.C. to
lay groundwork for a new Latin@ LGBT organization.

2013 – Union=Fuerza Instituto Latino, January 24th, over 100 LGBTQ Latinas/os meet in Atlanta, Georgia in first ever day
long Latino/a Institute at Task Force’ Creating Change Conference.

Prepared for Union=Fuerza, Instituto Latino
Creating Change Conference, Atlanta, GA
January 24, 2013